As a physiotherapist, I often come across individuals who present with knee pain, which can be attributed to meniscus injuries. The menisci are crescent-shaped pieces of cartilage that act as shock absorbers in the knee joint. When these structures become damaged or torn, it can result in pain, swelling, and functional limitations. In this article, we will explore the most common symptoms associated with meniscus knee pain.
- Pain: Pain is one of the primary symptoms experienced by individuals with a meniscus injury. The location of the pain may vary depending on the specific site of the meniscus tear. In most cases, the pain is felt along the joint line, which is the area where the femur (thigh bone) and tibia (shin bone) meet on either side of the knee. The pain may be sharp or dull, and it can worsen with certain movements or activities that place stress on the damaged meniscus.
- Swelling: Meniscus injuries often lead to swelling in the knee joint. The swelling typically occurs within the first 24 to 48 hours following the injury and may persist for several days or weeks. The extent of swelling can vary, ranging from mild to significant, depending on the severity of the tear and associated inflammation.
- Clicking or Catching Sensation: Some individuals with meniscus tears may experience a clicking or catching sensation within the knee joint. This can occur when the torn meniscus gets caught between the joint surfaces during movement. The clicking or catching sensation may be accompanied by pain or a feeling of instability.
- Joint Stiffness: Meniscus injuries can lead to joint stiffness, making it difficult to fully bend or straighten the knee. The stiffness is often more pronounced in the morning or after prolonged periods of inactivity. It can improve with movement but may persist as a limiting factor during activities.
- Restricted Range of Motion: A torn meniscus can cause a limited range of motion in the knee joint. Individuals may experience difficulty fully bending or straightening the knee, and there may be a sense of tightness or resistance during movement.
It’s important to note that the symptoms of a meniscus injury can vary from person to person, and not everyone will experience all of the aforementioned symptoms. Additionally, some individuals with meniscus tears may not have any noticeable symptoms initially, but they may develop over time as the injury progresses or with certain activities.
If you are experiencing knee pain or suspect a meniscus injury, it is essential to consult with a physio or a qualified healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate management. Treatment for meniscus knee pain may include physiotherapy interventions such as manual therapy, exercises to improve strength and stability, and activity modification. In some cases, surgical intervention may be necessary to repair or remove the damaged meniscus.
Note: This article was written with the help of AI technology and therefore may include incorrect information and discrepancies.